As a rule, your conclusion part in a report should provide a clear and accessible summary of the experiment or research that has been presented in the previous paragraphs of your lab writing. It should not introduce anything new or explore ideas that have not been mentioned before. Unlike many other types of academic writing, the lab report conclusion should be brief to a point. As you learn how to write a conclusion for a lab report, always take time to remind the readers about the main purpose of the experiment, and state whether the objectives have been achieved and to what extent.
Speaking of the length of the lab report conclusion, the majority of assignments that you may encounter will ask for a single paragraph of 200-300 words, including all the critical summary points and the brief discussion. Some lab reports may require an outcome that may be up to 500 words, yet it’s essential to keep it short and avoid additional exploration unless it’s analytical or explanatory in tone.
Conclusion Section Structure: What to Include in a Lab Report Conclusion?
The conclusion section usually consists of four major elements where you should start with a reminder of the objectives that have been set by your experiment. The purpose of your research must be stated in the two sentences of your conclusion. A good conclusion of a lab report must provide this bit of information in an accessible way by reminding the readers of your goals that have been set.
Now, the next part of the conclusion must talk about what methods have been used and what has been achieved as a result of the research. Keep this part short and don't introduce any new ideas.
The third part should identify your key findings with the outcomes. The final part of the conclusion paragraph should either make a short analytical remark or talk about limitations that have been encountered. In the majority of cases, you will have to offer a brief explanation and provide recommended reading without offering any solutions.
How to Write The Lab Conclusion Guide
The typical lab report conclusion writing should have the following elements that will help your target audience see what objectives have been followed and what outcomes have been met in practice. Here is what you must consider:
- Discuss why your practical experiment has been conducted and what aims have been set.
- Talk about what methodology and/or tools have been used and how the information has been perceived.
- Talk briefly about the samples that have been used and what results have been obtained.
- Provide lab report analysis with a short discussion as you talk about your arguments and assumptions.
- Discuss the ways how your outcomes and/or results relate to the discipline and the general scientific community.
When you have these four sections outlined, you should include a title of your lab report that is based on your grading rubric (formatting), an abstract (may be unnecessary), an introduction, your methodology part, results with a discussion, your conclusion section, and the references. Since you have to keep things short, make reference to appendices. It will make it easier to read your results.
Examples of a Conclusion of a Lab Report
When you make a conclusion, it's always good when you can learn by using an actual example. Here is the sample lab report conclusion related to Audio Engineering studies that you may use as a reference to compose your final paragraph:
The lab experiment results showed that the modular synthesis tests dealing with the transition of the transient waves to smaller particles are possible when the audio formants are used. The methodology has shown that the aforementioned transition is only possible when the modulation is set to 0.5 cents and no additional artifacts are introduced. After checking over five different recorded samples, an analysis has been made to provide the stem layering for recording. It has shown that all samples based on the digital modular synthesis had the same breakdown of audio elements to smaller particles, proving that transient waves remain the same as pointed out by the audio formants.
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Conclusion Lab Tips
As you seek information on how to write a good conclusion for your scientific lab report, always start with the analysis of your grading rubric since there may be specific elements that you should start with. Here are some helpful tips that will assist you as you look through the lab report structure rules or focus on the requirements that can only be encountered in your discipline:
- Tone of your scientific research lab report. This is where things can get complex because you must either keep the tone explanatory or provide your readers with descriptive or process writing. Depending on your course requirements, it can be a major issue to consider.
- Keep your notes at hand. These are always helpful so you should keep your voice recorder, paper notes, or logbooks by your side as you compose your lab report. Don't forget to check the discipline conventions to ensure that every quote or external data is referenced correctly.
- Avoid repeating your objectives directly from the lab materials. If you have something already provided as the objectives, don't copy things "as is" but paraphrase and explain the goals in your own words.
- Passive voice matters! The majority of lab reports are not written in the first person but are done in the third person using the past tense, meaning that you talk about what has already been done.
Making Lab Report Accessible
Your lab report must communicate the message (your scientific outcomes) and keep the results clear as you discuss the results. Don’t keep things overly complex and keep your tone explanatory because you do not have to defend your position but state the facts. If something sounds unclear or does not pose a critical point, it’s better to omit it.
A science lab conclusion should be like a brief summary where you review the results and explain what has been achieved and how exactly (methods). Remember that your discussion in a lab report should not touch upon the subjects that go beyond your writing! Only mention the limitations and the benefits of your method to support and/or explain your lab report as you talk about the process. The key is to make your results accessible by helping your concluding paragraph set the proverbial final chord in a lab research symphony!